Join us   Log in   pharmaspire@isfcp.org  


PHARMASPIRE - Volume 15, Issue 03, 2023 , July- September

Pages: 112-120

Date of Publication: 09-Dec-2023


Print Article   Download XML  Download PDF

Formulation, evaluation, and antimicrobial study of immune-boosting herbal tea

Author: Satyam Anand Singh, Yash Patel, Shreya Patel, Mane Ajay, Vishva Chauhan

Category: Pharmacognosy

Abstract:

Introduction:Herbal tea is caffeine free which boosts the immunity level and relieves stress. aim of study: To formulate and evaluate the immune-boosting herbal tea. Here, we made herbal tea from Moringa oleifera leaves and masked the bitter taste of Moringa with a natural sweetener and jaggery. Material and Methods: It is reported that jaggery boosts the immunity of the human body. M. oleifera is a versatile plant that has been traditionally used for its medicinal properties. M. oleifera has been shown to have anti- inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Active chemical constituents of M. oleifera have been extracted by decoction method from the leaves. Other ingredients such as ginger, turmeric, black pepper, cardamom, and fennel were also mixed with M. oleifera and jaggery to formulate the tea. Cardamom and fennel were added to the tea for flavoring purpose and they also have the property of expectorant and carminative agent. Result and discussion: Due to the extremely low likelihood of herbal-herbal interactions, none of the substances interact with one another. It has been evaluated for various evaluation parameters, i.e., organoleptic test, physical parameters, phytochemical, chemical test, and antimicrobial test. The physical parameters of the tea were within the standard range which indicates that the granules of the tea are of optimum quality with optimum flowability. The presence of the secondary metabolite in the tea was also reported. The tea has stable pH and it was reported with good antimicrobial property against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Herbal tea was found acceptable to drink.

Keywords: Bacillus subtilis, Decoction, Kanamycin, Moringa oleifera, Staphylococcus aureus

DOI: 10.56933/Pharmaspire.2023.15121

DOI URL: https://doi.org/10.56933/Pharmaspire.2023.15121

References:

1. Poswal FS, Russell G, Mackonochie M, MacLennan E, Adukwu EC, Rolfe V. Herbal teas and their health benefits: A scoping review. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2019;74:266-76.

2. Sagona WC, Chirwa PW, Sajidu SM. The miracle mix of Moringa: Status of Moringa research and development in Malawi. S Afr J Bot 2020;129:138-45.

3. Abd Rani NZ, Husain K, Kumolosasi E. Moringa genus: A review of phytochemistry and pharmacology. Front Pharmacol 2018;9:108.

4. Boukandoul S, Casal S, Zaidi F. The potential of some Moringa species for seed oil production. Agriculture 2018;8:150.

5. Builders, PF. Introductory Chapter: Introduction to Herbal Medicine. London: Intechopen; 2019.

6. McKay DL, Blumberg JB. The role of tea in human health: An update. J Am Coll Nutr 2002;21:1-13.

7. Byeon JO, Han JS. A study on perception and actual status of utilization for green tea. Korean J Food Cult 2004;19:184-92.

8. Cohen PA, Ernst E. Safety of herbal supplements: A guide for cardiologists. Cardiovasc Ther 2010;28:246-53.

9. Ravikumar C. Review on herbal teas. J Pharm Sci Res 2014;6:236.

10. Leone A, Spada A, Battezzati A, Schiraldi A, Aristil J, Bertoli S. Moringa oleifera seeds and oil: Characteristics and uses for human health. Int J Mol Sci 2016;17:2141.

11. Kokate CK, Purohit AP, Gokhale DS. Pharmacognosy. Pune: Nirali Prakashan; 2008.

12. Rathaur P, Raja W, Ramteke PW, John SA. Turmeric: The golden spice of life. Int J Pharm Sci Res 2012;3:1987-94.

13. Mahata G. Potentiality of sugarcane juice & jaggery for immunity and employment generation in COVID19 pandemic situation. Int J Agric Biotechnol Food Sci. 2020;1:25-28.

14. Hirpara P, Thakare N, Kele VD, Patel D. Jaggery: A natural sweetener. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9:3145-8.

15. Vasudeo K, Pramod K. Biosynthesis of nickel nanoparticles using leaf extract of coriander. Biotechnol Ind J 2016;12:1-6.

16. Bhandare SL, Borkar SP. Formulation and evaluation of immune boosting herbal tea. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2019;8:3529-35.

17. Singh H, Arora S, Mani M, Mahaur KK, Chandra P. Development of multicomponent formulation of herbal drugs for evaluation of Antidiabetic activity. Pharm Lett 2014;6:219-23.

18. Virshette SJ, Patil MK, Shaikh JR. A review on pharmacological properties and phytoconstituents of indigenous carminative agents. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2020;9:142-5.

19. Builders PF, Mohammed BB, Sule YZ. Preparation and characterization of a poly-herbal tea with effective antioxidant properties. Sci World J 2020;15:29-34.

20. Jabeen R, Shahid M, Jamil A, Ashraf M. Microscopic evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of seed extracts of Moringa oleifera. Pak J Bot 2008;40:1349-58.

21. Alam F, Najum us Saqib Q. Pharmacognostic standardization and preliminary phytochemical studies of Gaultheria trichophylla. Pharm Biol 2015;53:1711-8.

22. Choi et al. 2000; Friedman and J├╝rgens. pH; 2000. Available from: https://www.healthline.com/health/ food-nutrition/is-tea-acidic

23. Khandelwal KR. Practical Pharmacognosy. Pune: Pragati Books Pvt Ltd.; 2008.

24. Rao KS, Haran RH, Rajpoot VS. Value addition: A novel strategy for quality enhancement of medicinal and aromatic plants. J Appl Res Med Aromat Plants 2022;31:100415.

25. Garg V, Mallick SS, Garcia-Trinanes P, Berry RJ. An investigation into the flowability of fine powders used in pharmaceutical industries. Powder Technol 2018;336:375-82.