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[An Official Publication of ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga]


 

Original Article
Year : 2019   |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 112-116

A study on chronic hypertension associated cardiac complications (myocardial infarction): parametric analysis

Background: The present study was aimed to determine hypertension associated to myocardial infarction (MI) as cardiac complication. Materials and Methods: This study was a prospective observational study conducted in private hospital, Jagraon. This study commenced for duration of 6 months from October 2017 to March 2018 as per inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data were collected from patient case sheet, laboratory tests reports, and patient interview into the specially designed data collection form after taking the written consent from patient diagnosed with hypertension and MI. Data analysis was performed using SPSS statistical software. Results: Among 100 study subjects, 63% of patients were male and 37% of patients were female. The mean age of the patients was found to be 68.92 years. The majority of them were from urban area. The common symptoms experienced by the study population were chest pain, perspiration, syncope, dyspnea, nausea, and vomiting. The majority of study population suffered hypertension from 11 to 15 years. Among study population, 65% have MI and 35% study subjects did not have MI. The Pearson correlation between duration of hypertension and myocardial infarction was found to be strong (r = 0.769) and statistically significant (P < 0.01) at 90% confidence interval. Conclusion: This study has found that the prevalence of hypertension induced MI was high in male population as compared to female counterparts and urban are more likely to be affected than people living in rural area. Further the duration of hypertension potentiates MI which suggests that MI may be hypertension induced over a brief period of exposure as comorbidity.
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